ISSN 0005-2531 (Print) ISSN 2522-1841 (Online)
UNIFAC PREDICTION OF VAPOR LIQUID EQUILIBRIA INVOLVING GAMMA-VALEROLACTONE DERIVATIVE SYSTEMS
A.A.Wibowo, A.Mustain, M.Mufid, N.Hendrawati, A.W. Mustikarini, S.Altway

 

Researchers have studied the hydrogenation of Gamma-Valerolactone (GVL) over Ru/C to produce 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (2-MTHF), a biomass-based platform chemical with potential as a biofuel and green solvent. Other byproducts of this reaction include 2-butanol (2-BuOH), 2-pentanol (2-PeOH), and 1,4-pentanediol (1,4-PDO). In this study, UNIFAC activity coefficient models were used to predict the vapor-liquid equilibrium of several systems included in the process to explain the phase behavior which is important in purification process. The accuracy of the UNIFAC model is tested by comparing the experimental boiling points for the binary system of 2-propanol + 1-butanol and the vapor-liquid equilibrium of the GVL + 2-MTHF system. From this comparison, the Root Mean Square Deviation (RMSD) values for the boiling point measurements are obtained to be 3.153%, and for the liquid and vapor phases in the vapor-liquid equilibrium measurements, the RMSD values are 1.934% and 0.298% respectively. These RMSD values indicate the level of accuracy of the UNIFAC model in representing the experimental data for both boiling point measurements and vapor-liquid equilibrium phase behavior. The prediction results of vapor-liquid equilibrium data for GVL derivative systems showed that the 2-BuOH + 2-MTHF system does form an azeotrope when the mol fraction of 2-BuOH is 0.0031 at 79.780C. The calculation was performed using ChemCAD commercial software for chemical process modeling and simulation.

doi.org/10.32737/0005-2531-2024-2-16-25

Keywords : biomass, GVL, derivatives, UNIFAC, VLE
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2024
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